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Which states require secure storage of firearms?

23 states have adopted this policy

AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

Secure Storage Required

Alabama has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Alaska has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Arizona has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Arkansas has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

California has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
When child may or is likely to access
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
Yes

Secure Storage Required

Colorado has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
When child may or is likely to access
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
Yes

Secure Storage Required

Connecticut has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
Yes

Secure Storage Required

Delaware has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
Yes

Secure Storage Required

Florida has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 16
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Georgia has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Hawaii has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Idaho has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Illinois has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 14
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Indiana has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Iowa has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 14
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Kansas has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Kentucky has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Louisiana has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Maine has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 16
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Maryland has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 16
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Massachusetts has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
Any time not in owner's immediate control
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Michigan has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Minnesota has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
When child may or is likely to access
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Mississippi has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Missouri has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Montana has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Nebraska has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Nevada has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
When child may or is likely to access
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

New Hampshire has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 16
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

New Jersey has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 16
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

New Mexico has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

New York has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
When child may or is likely to access
How does the state define child?
Under 16
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
Yes

Secure Storage Required

North Carolina has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

North Dakota has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Ohio has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Oklahoma has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Oregon has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
Any time not in owner's immediate control
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Pennsylvania has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Rhode Island has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 16
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

South Carolina has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

South Dakota has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Tennessee has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Texas has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 17
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Utah has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Vermont has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Virginia has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
When child may or is likely to access
How does the state define child?
Under 14
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Washington has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 18
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
Yes

Secure Storage Required

West Virginia has not adopted this policy

Secure Storage Required

Wisconsin has adopted this policy

When does the law apply?
After child gains access
How does the state define child?
Under 14
Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
No

Secure Storage Required

Wyoming has not adopted this policy

What It Does

Secure storage laws prevent unauthorized access by children by requiring gun owners to lock up their firearms. The strongest systems have consequences for any failure to secure a gun while less-strong policies penalize gun owners only if a child actually gains access to a firearm. While some state laws are concerned only with the threat of child access, others also include consequences if an un-secure gun is likely to be obtained by an adult who is legally prohibited from possession.

The Impact

Secure gun storage reduces youth gun violence dramatically, with households that lock firearms and ammunition seeing up to 85% fewer unintentional injuries. State storage laws also incentivize better practices, with researchers finding they reduce injuries and deaths among young people.

Secure Storage Required

Policy adopted? When does the law apply? How does the state define child? Does the state law require storage to prevent access by other prohibited people?
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California When child may or is likely to access Under 18 Yes
Colorado When child may or is likely to access Under 18 Yes
Connecticut After child gains access Under 18 Yes
Delaware After child gains access Under 18 Yes
Florida After child gains access Under 16 No
Georgia
Hawaii After child gains access Under 18 No
Idaho
Illinois After child gains access Under 14 No
Indiana
Iowa After child gains access Under 14 No
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine After child gains access Under 16 No
Maryland After child gains access Under 16 No
Massachusetts Any time not in owner's immediate control Under 18 No
Michigan
Minnesota When child may or is likely to access Under 18 No
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada When child may or is likely to access Under 18 No
New Hampshire After child gains access Under 16 No
New Jersey After child gains access Under 16 No
New Mexico
New York When child may or is likely to access Under 16 Yes
North Carolina After child gains access Under 18 No
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon Any time not in owner's immediate control Under 18 No
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island After child gains access Under 16 No
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas After child gains access Under 17 No
Utah
Vermont
Virginia When child may or is likely to access Under 14 No
Washington After child gains access Under 18 Yes
West Virginia
Wisconsin After child gains access Under 14 No
Wyoming
Show Citations and Footnotes
Source: Cal. Penal Code §§ 25000—25225; Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-114; Conn. Gen. Stat. §§ 29-37i, 53a-217a; Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, §§ 1456, 603 ; Fla. Stat. §§ 790.174, 790.175, 784.05; Haw. Rev. Stat. §§ 134-10.5, 707-714.5; 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/24-9; Iowa Code § 724.22(7); Me. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 554, sub-§ 1, B-4, sub-§ 4; Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-104; Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 140, § 131L; Minn. Stat. § 609.666; Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.300; N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 650-C:1; N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-15; N.Y. Penal Law §§ 265.45, 265.50; N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-315.1; 2021 OR S 554, sec. 3; 11 R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-60.1; Tex. Penal Code Ann. § 46.13; Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-56.2; Wash. Rev. Code § 9.41.360; Wis. Stat. § 948.55

85%: Grossman DC, Mueller BA, Riedy C, et al. Gun storage practices and risk of youth suicide and unintentional firearm injuries. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2005;293(6):707-714.

Injuries and deaths: DeSimone, Jeffrey, Sara Markowitz, and Jing Xu. "Child access prevention laws and nonfatal gun injuries." Southern Economic Journal 80, no. 1 (2013): 5-25.

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