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Which states regulate the open carry of firearms?

13 states have adopted this policy

AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

Open Carry Regulated

Alabama has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Alaska has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Arizona has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Arkansas has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

California has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Prohibited for all firearms

Open Carry Regulated

Colorado has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Connecticut has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Permit required for handguns; open carry not regulated for rifles and shotguns.

Open Carry Regulated

Delaware has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Florida has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Prohibited for all firearms

Open Carry Regulated

Georgia has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Hawaii has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Permit required for handguns; prohibited for rifles and shotguns.

Open Carry Regulated

Idaho has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Illinois has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Prohibited for all firearms

Open Carry Regulated

Indiana has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Iowa has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Kansas has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Kentucky has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Louisiana has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Maine has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Maryland has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Permit required for handguns; open carry not regulated for rifles and shotguns.

Open Carry Regulated

Massachusetts has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Permit required for all firearms.

Open Carry Regulated

Michigan has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Minnesota has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Permit required for all firearms.

Open Carry Regulated

Mississippi has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Missouri has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Montana has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Nebraska has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Nevada has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

New Hampshire has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

New Jersey has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Permit required for all firearms.

Open Carry Regulated

New Mexico has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

New York has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Prohibited for handguns; open carry not regulated for rifles and shotguns.

Open Carry Regulated

North Carolina has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

North Dakota has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Ohio has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Oklahoma has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Oregon has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Pennsylvania has not adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Regulated only in Philadelphia

Open Carry Regulated

Rhode Island has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Permit required for handguns; prohibited for rifles and shotguns (unless unloaded)

Open Carry Regulated

South Carolina has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Permit required for handguns; open carry not regulated for rifles and shotguns.

Open Carry Regulated

South Dakota has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Tennessee has adopted this policy

How is open carry regulated?
Open carry not regulated for handguns; prohibited for rifles and shotguns (unless unloaded).

Open Carry Regulated

Texas has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Utah has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Vermont has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Virginia has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Washington has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

West Virginia has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Wisconsin has not adopted this policy

Open Carry Regulated

Wyoming has not adopted this policy

What It Does

Most states have failed to regulate the visible carrying of firearms in public, or open carry, often because responsible gun owners have not traditionally engaged in this intimidating behavior. But as open carry has become a tool for extremists, 13 states have acted, with three barring open carry altogether and 10 either requiring a permit or else barring open carry for some types of firearms. In the rest of the country, guns may generally be wielded openly, without any carry permit whatsoever.

The Impact

White supremacists and members of other hate groups have increasingly exploited dangerous open carry laws as a show of force. And open carry can make it difficult for officials to identify and stop an active shooter, as was seen in the July 2016 mass shooting in Dallas

Open Carry Regulated

Policy adopted? How is open carry regulated?
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California Prohibited for all firearms
Colorado
Connecticut Permit required for handguns; open carry not regulated for rifles and shotguns.
Delaware
Florida Prohibited for all firearms
Georgia
Hawaii Permit required for handguns; prohibited for rifles and shotguns.
Idaho
Illinois Prohibited for all firearms
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland Permit required for handguns; open carry not regulated for rifles and shotguns.
Massachusetts Permit required for all firearms.
Michigan
Minnesota Permit required for all firearms.
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey Permit required for all firearms.
New Mexico
New York Prohibited for handguns; open carry not regulated for rifles and shotguns.
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania Regulated only in Philadelphia
Rhode Island Permit required for handguns; prohibited for rifles and shotguns (unless unloaded)
South Carolina Permit required for handguns; open carry not regulated for rifles and shotguns.
South Dakota
Tennessee Open carry not regulated for handguns; prohibited for rifles and shotguns (unless unloaded).
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Show Citations and Footnotes
Source: Cal. Penal Code §§ 26350, 25850, 26400(a); Conn. Gen. Stat. §§ 29-28(b), 29-35(a); Fla. Stat. § 790.053(1); Haw. Rev. Stat. §§ 134-5(a), 134-9(c); 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(10); Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-203(a), (b)(2); Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 140, §§ 129C, 131; Minn. Stat. §§ 624.714,  624.7181, subd. (2); N.J. Stat. Ann. §§ 2C:39-5(c), 2C:58-4(a); N.Y. Penal Law § 265.01(1); 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6108; 11 R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-18(a); 11 R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-51(a); S.C. Code Ann. § 16-23-20(12); Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1308(a)(1), (2).

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