Skip to content

Which states limit qualified immunity for police officers?

3 states have adopted this policy

AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

Qualified Immunity Limited

Alabama has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Alaska has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Arizona has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Arkansas has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

California has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Colorado has adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Connecticut has adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Delaware has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Florida has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Georgia has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Hawaii has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Idaho has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Illinois has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Indiana has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Iowa has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Kansas has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Kentucky has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Louisiana has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Maine has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Maryland has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Massachusetts has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Michigan has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Minnesota has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Mississippi has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Missouri has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Montana has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Nebraska has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Nevada has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

New Hampshire has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

New Jersey has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

New Mexico has adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

New York has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

North Carolina has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

North Dakota has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Ohio has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Oklahoma has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Oregon has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Pennsylvania has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Rhode Island has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

South Carolina has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

South Dakota has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Tennessee has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Texas has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Utah has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Vermont has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Virginia has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Washington has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

West Virginia has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Wisconsin has not adopted this policy

Qualified Immunity Limited

Wyoming has not adopted this policy

What It Does

In 2021, three states passed laws that limit the availability of qualified immunity as a defense for police officers who are accused of violating a person’s civil rights. Qualified immunity was created by Supreme Court caselaw—and has virtually eliminated any chance for relief at the federal level for victims of excessive police force, making it more difficult to hold abusive officers accountable.

Show Citations and Footnotes
Source: Colo. Rev. Stat. § 13-21-131; Conn. Gen. Stat. § 52-571k; N.M. Stat. Ann. §§ 41-4A-1—41-4A-13. 

More from Policing and civil rights