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Which states require prompt firearm removal when a person becomes prohibited?

7 states have adopted this policy

AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

Gun Removal Program

Alabama has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Alaska has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Arizona has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Arkansas has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

California has adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Colorado has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Connecticut has adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Delaware has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Florida has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Georgia has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Hawaii has adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Idaho has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Illinois has adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Indiana has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Iowa has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Kansas has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Kentucky has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Louisiana has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Maine has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Maryland has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Massachusetts has adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Michigan has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Minnesota has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Mississippi has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Missouri has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Montana has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Nebraska has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Nevada has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

New Hampshire has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

New Jersey has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

New Mexico has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

New York has adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

North Carolina has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

North Dakota has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Ohio has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Oklahoma has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Oregon has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Pennsylvania has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Rhode Island has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

South Carolina has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

South Dakota has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Tennessee has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Texas has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Utah has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Vermont has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Virginia has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Washington has adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

West Virginia has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Wisconsin has not adopted this policy

Gun Removal Program

Wyoming has not adopted this policy

What It Does

The strongest state policies proactively identify any gun owner who has become prohibited for any reason and ensure that person is disarmed promptly. Several states already have expansive laws preventing dangerous gun purchases, including background checks, extreme risk laws, and robust prohibitors. Their gun removal laws make them innovators, protecting the public by ensuring a person cannot go home after a conviction or restraining order and access illegal guns. A full discussion on the Gun Removal Program is here

The Impact

California’s system performs a daily review of all people with a new firearm prohibition, checking their names against sales databases—and then often working with local officials to rapidly remove any guns. The program removed over 8,000 illegal firearms from 2017 to 2019 alone.

Show Citations and Footnotes
Source: Cal. Penal Code §§ 29800—29830, 30000—30020; Conn. Gen. Stat. §§ 29-36k, 29-36n; Haw. Rev. Stat. § 134-7.3; 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 65/8.5, 65/9.5; N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 370.25; Wash. Rev. Code §§ 9.41.800–9.41.815.

Agents seized a total of 2,130 firearms in 2019, 2,290 firearms in 2018, and 3,685 firearms in 2017. See California Department of Justice, Armed and Prohibited Persons Systems (APPS) 2019, Annual report to the legislature, available at https://oag.ca.gov/sites/all/files/agweb/pdfs/publications/apps-2019.pdf; California Department of Justice, APPS 2018 Annual Report to the Legislature, Armed and Prohibited Persons System, available at https://oag.ca.gov/sites/all/files/agweb/pdfs/publications/armed-prohib-person-system-2018.pdf; APPS 2017 Annual Report to the Legislature, Armed and Prohibited PErsons System, available at https://oag.ca.gov/sites/all/files/agweb/pdfs/publications/armed-prohib-person-system-2017.pdf. 

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