City Gun Violence
What is the problem?
Gun violence is prevalent in many U.S. cities, particularly in historically underfunded neighborhoods. It spreads through social networks and intensifies long-standing inequities and public health disparities.
In 2015, half of all gun homicides in the U.S. took place in just 127 cities. Together, these cities contain less than a quarter of the country’s population. Nonfatal shootings are also prevalent in cities, and these injuries can have devastating consequences for the rest of a survivor’s life.
There are a wide variety of proven solutions to reducing gun violence and increasing safety in these communities. This includes violence intervention programs, Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) funding, and crime prevention through environmental design. City governments should partner with local advocates, residents, survivors, and researchers to ensure that applied strategies are appropriate for and responsive to local contexts.
What are the solutions?
Violence Intervention Programs
Violence intervention programs provide comprehensive support to individuals who are at greatest risk of gunshot victimization. These programs are shown to reduce gunshot woundings and deaths in the neighborhoods most impacted by gun violence.
Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) Assistance Funding
Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) victim assistance funds are federal funds that can be used to support services for victims and survivors of gun violence. Many of the services eligible for VOCA victim assistance funds are already being provided by gun violence intervention programs, such as street outreach and hospital-based violence intervention programs. VOCA victim assistance grants should be used to help reduce gun violence and support gun violence survivors.
Prevent Gun Trafficking
The United States lacks strong federal gun trafficking laws to crack down on illegal gun trafficking networks. Gun trafficking and straw purchasing laws could help keep guns off our streets.
Repeal Restrictions on Gun Trace Data
Since 2003, the Tiahrt Amendments have restricted law enforcement's ability to investigate and prosecute gun crimes. This data-blocking protects corrupt gun dealers and hinders law enforcement.
City Gun Violence
Community-led Public Safety Strategies
Strategies Street outreach programs employ a public health approach to violence intervention, beginning with the premise that gun violence is like a contagious disease, the…Fact Sheet
What Search Data Shows About Americans and Guns During the COVID-19 Crisis
Methods We extracted weekly data on all United States Google searches (including state-level data) related to gun preparation—those that contain the terms “buy gun(s)” or…Fact Sheet
A Fund for Healing: VOCA Grants for Violence Reduction
The Needs Of Gun Violence Victims In America America’s gun homicide rate is tragic and unique—it is 25 times higher than that of other high-income…Report
City Gun Violence Reduction Insight Portal
CityGRIP is an online clearinghouse of data-informed gun violence reduction strategies.Report
Gun Violence in Cities
Every year, the United States has nearly 13,000 firearm homicides.Fact Sheet
The Impact of Local Violence Intervention Programs
There are nearly 13,000 gun homicides in the U.S. every year There are nearly 13,000 gun homicides in the U.S. every year.1…Fact Sheet
A Nation of Survivors: The Toll of Gun Violence in America
“The fact is gun violence has taken so many lives. And not just in Florida or D.C. or Chicago. Gun violence is everywhere and, as…Report
Five Ways to Enhance the Gun Violence Prevention Strategy in Your City
Cities that have sustained success preventing gun violence have deployed multi-disciplinary, community-involved approaches to response and prevention. Below are five steps that you can take…Fact Sheet
State Firearm Preemption Laws
State firearm preemption laws are a relatively recent phenomenon inconsistent with centuries of American history in which cities and rural areas had different gun laws.Fact Sheet
Strategies for Reducing Gun Violence in American Cities
First, the report summarizes much of what is known about urban gun violence: its causes, the ways it differs from violence in other settings, and…Report
A Decade of Gun Homicides in Large American Cities
One in four Americans murdered with guns die in just 30 cities. Data obtained from their police departments show that, controlling for population, their…Appendix