Close the Charleston Loophole
What is the problem?
Under federal law, gun purchases may move forward by default after three business days—even if a background check has not been completed. While 90% of federal background checks are completed in minutes, those that take longer than three business days are four times as likely to be denied.
In 2017, the shooter of nine worshipers at Emanuel A.M.E. Church in Charleston, South Carolina was able to purchase a gun because of a dangerous loophole in the background check system. He was legally prohibited from having a firearm, but was able to complete the purchase because his background check was not completed within three business days.
Firearm sales should not be permitted to move forward until a background check on the prospective purchaser has been completed.
Myth & Fact
The loophole is insignificant because 97% of all background checks are completed within three business days.
Background checks delayed more than three business days are 4x more likely to be denied. This means that the loophole results in prohibited persons obtaining firearms. In 2019, 2,989 firearms were transferred to prohibited persons before a background check could be completed, including 562 that were transferred to convicted domestic abusers.