Gun Violence by the Numbers

Everytown is committed to using the most comprehensive, up-to-date sources of data to measure America’s unprecedented levels of gun violence. Learn more by exploring the stats below.


Data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that on an average day, 93 Americans are killed with guns.

To calculate this, Everytown relies on a five-year-average of data from the CDC, whose National Vital Statistics System contains the most comprehensive national data, currently available through 2015."Fatal Injury Reports," Injury Prevention & Control: Data & Statistics (WISQARS), accessed January 3 2017,' http://1.usa.gov/1plXBux']

View CDC data on people killed by guns each year

Homicide Suicide Unintentional Legal Intervention Undetermined
Intent
Total
2011 11,068 19,990 591 454 248 32,351
2012 11,622 20,666 548 471 256 33,563
2013 11,208 21,175 505 467 281 33,636
2014 10,945 21,334 586 464 270 33,599
2015 12,979 22,018 489 484 282 36,252
Annual Average 11,564 21,037 544 468 267 33,880
Daily Average 32 58 1 1 1 93

On average there are nearly 12,000 gun homicides a year in the U.S.

View annual gun homicides in the US

Homicide Suicide Unintentional Legal Intervention Undetermined
Intent
Total
2011 11,068 19,990 591 454 248 32,351
2012 11,622 20,666 548 471 256 33,563
2013 11,208 21,175 505 467 281 33,636
2014 10,945 21,334 586 464 270 33,599
2015 12,979 22,018 489 484 282 36,252
Annual Average 11,564 21,037 544 468 267 33,880
Daily Average 32 58 1 1 1 93

For every one person killed with guns, two more are injured.

The number of Americans injured with firearms dwarfs the number who are killed, although data to measure non-fatal shootings are less reliable. The CDC’s National Electronic Injury Surveillance System estimates the number of annual non-fatal firearm injuries based on reports from a sample of hospital emergency departments: over the last five years, there were more than 200 non-fatal firearm injuries each day."Non-Fatal Injury Reports," Injury Prevention & Control: Data & Statistics (WISQARS), accessed June 29, 2015 http://1.usa.gov/1qo12RL.

View data on non-fatal firearm injuries

Year Non-Fatal
Firearm Injuries
2010 73,505
2011 73,883
2012 81,396
2013 84,258
2014 81,034
Annual Average 78,815
Daily Average 216

Nearly two-thirds (62 percent) of firearm deaths in the U.S. are suicides.

Of the 169,395 firearm deaths in the US from 2011 to 2015 (the most recent five years of data available), 105,183 (or 62 percent) were suicides. To calculate this total, Everytown relies on CDC data regarding fatal injury by intent."Fatal Injury Reports," Injury Prevention & Control: Data & Statistics (WISQARS), accessed January 3 2017,' http://1.usa.gov/1plXBux']

Seven children and teens (age 19 or under) are killed with guns in the U.S. on an average day.

Rates of firearm injury death increase rapidly after age 12. And unintentional shootings of children and teens are underreported in the CDC data, possibly because of the difficulty of characterizing a child’s intent after he or she has killed himself or a playmate with a firearm. Everytown tracks unintentional shootings involving children, which occur every 34 hours, on average. School Shootings since Newtown, http://every.tw/1eh50vh

View CDC data on children and teens killed with guns

Total
Firearm
Deaths
Firearm
Homicides
2011 2,703 1,680
2012 2,694 1,700
2013 2,465 1,430
2014 2,549 1,479
2015 2,824 1,670
Total 13,235 7,959
Annual Average 2,647 1,592
Daily
Average
7 4

In an average month, 50 women are shot to death by intimate partners in the U.S.

And more than half of all women killed by intimate partners in the U.S. are killed with guns.Federal Bureau of Investigation, Supplementary Homicide Reports, 2010-14, available at http://bit.ly/1yVxm4K. Over the last five years of available data, 55% of women killed by intimate partners (including same-sex partners) were killed with guns.

View data on gun homicides of women by a current or former intimate partner

Year FBI Supplementary
Homicide Reports
Florida Department of
Law Enforcement
Total
2010 611 48 659
2011 553 61 614
2012 529 57 586
2013 518 41 559
2014 541 37 578
Total 2,752 244 2,996
Annual Average 550 49 599
Monthly Average 46 4 50

America’s gun homicide rate is more than 25 times the average of other high-income countries.

An analysis of gun homicide rates in developed countries— those considered “high-income” by the World Bank — found that the United States accounted for 46 percent of the population but 82 percent of the gun deaths.Erin Grinshteyn and David Hemenway, "Violent Death Rates: The US Compared with Other High-income OECD Countries, 2010," American Journal of Medicine, 2015. The World Bank defines a high-income country as one with a gross national income per capita greater than $12,736. The study analyzed data from populous (>1 million inhabitants), high-income countries that were members of the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) in 2010. Additionally, the study excluded Iceland and Luxembourg from the broader OECD for having very small populations, and also excluded Greece and Switzerland for not using detailed ICD-10 codes.

Background checks are a central component of America's efforts to keep guns from criminals: since their inception, they have blocked over 3 million gun sales to prohibited purchasers.

According to a study by the Department of Justice, between 1994 and 2014, federal, state, and local agencies conducted background checks on more than 180 million firearm applications and denied 2.82 million gun sales to prohibited purchasers. To date, the background check system has blocked over 3 million firearm sales to prohibited purchasers.Karberg JC, Frandsen RJ, Durso JM, et al. Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2013-2014. Bureau of Justice Statistics. http://bit.ly/2lSEIEu. Published June 2016. Accessed February 15, 2017. Data for 2015 and 2016 were obtained by Everytown from the FBI directly. Though majority of the transactions and denials reported by FBI and BJS are associated with a firearm sale or transfer, a small number may be for concealed carry permits and other reasons not related to a sale or transfer.

Black men are 14 times more likely than non-hispanic white men to be shot and killed with guns.

Black Americans make up 14 percent of the U.S. population U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-06.pdf but are victims of more than half of all gun homicides.“Fatal Injury Reports," Injury Prevention & Control: Data & Statistics (WISQARS), accessed January 25, 2015, http://1.usa.gov/1plXBux.

View more on gun homicides and race in America

Note: This figure has been calculated using 2011-2015 data and shows gun homicide rates for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black men.

When a gun is present in a situation of domestic violence, it increases the risk the woman will be killed fivefold.

A case-control study of 11 cities found that in a domestic violence situation, the perpetrator’s access to a gun increased the odds of femicide by more than five times (adjust OR=5.44, 95% CI = 2.89, 10.22).Jacqueline C. Campbell, Daniel Webster, and Jane Koziol-McLain, "Risk Factors for Femicide in Abusive Relationships: Results from a Multisite Case Control Study," American Journal of Public Health 93, no. 7 (June 2003): http://1.usa.gov/1osjCet.

Note on Data Sources

Both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the FBI collect data on firearm homicides — the former from medical examiners and the latter from local law enforcement. Each data set has distinct advantages and flaws. The CDC’s National Vital Statistics System records a higher percentage of all firearm deaths but fails to capture details about their circumstances, including the relationship of the perpetrator to the victim. This makes it unsuitable for measuring gun violence between people of certain relationships.

In contrast, the FBI’s Supplementary Homicide Reports (SHR) include details on the perpetrator and weapon but are more likely to be missing records because the FBI relies on police departments to voluntarily submit their homicide data on an annual basis. Despite these gaps, SHR data are utilized widely in the criminology community. The SHR do not include data from the state of Florida. Everytown obtained data directly from the Florida Department of Law Enforcement. Women killed by former dating partners (as opposed to current dating partners) are not categorized in the Florida data and are not included.James Alan Fox, “Missing Data Problems in the SHR: Imputing Offender and Relationship Characteristics,” Homicide Studies 8, no. 214 (2004); and Catherine Barber and David Hemenway, “Underestimates of Unintentional Firearm Fatalities: Comparing Supplementary Homicide Report Data with the National Vital Statistics System,” Injury Prevention 8 (2002).