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Shoot first laws are associated with increases in homicide rates resulting in 700 additional homicides each year.

Michelle Degli Esposti et al., “Analysis of ‘Stand Your Ground’ Self-Defense Laws and Statewide Rates of Homicides and Firearm Homicides,” JAMA Network Open 5, no. 2 (February 21, 2022): e220077,

Last updated: 1.8.2021

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