Gun Law Strength
Gun Violence Rate
Gun deaths per 100k residents
Vermont Foundational laws
Requires Background checks for handgun purchases at point of sale and/or for permit to purchase
- Does the law cover only handgun purchases, or also rifle and shotgun purchases?
- All firearms (handguns, rifles, and shotguns)
- When is the background check performed?
Requires any person who carries a concealed firearm in public to first obtain a permit
Allows law enforcement (and often family members) to petition for a court order to temporarily prevent someone in crisis from accessing guns.
- Who may petition for an order?
- States attorneys and the Office of the Attorney General
Does not have a dangerous Stand Your Ground law in place
Requires that firearms be stored locked, unloaded, and separate from ammunition in certain circumstances
Vermont Gun industry and product safety
Bars purchase of certain assault-style weapons originally designed for military use
Requires new handgun models sold in the state to have childproofing features
Regulates ghost gun parts, ensuring they cannot be sold without serial numbers and a background check
Bars purchase of gun magazines larger than a prescribed size
Requires new handgun models sold in the state to include microstamping technology
Vermont Guns in public
Allows officials to bar concealed carry by people who pose a danger
Requires officials to trace all guns recovered at crime scenes, using the federal tracing system
Bars concealed carry by people with assault or other violent misdemeanor convictions
Does not force colleges and universities to allow concealed carry
Blocks the public carry of guns on state capitol grounds and/or political protests
Blocks the concealed carry of guns in bars
Does not have a law allowing carry in K–12 schools by staff or other permit holders
Regulates how guns may be carried visibly in public, either requiring a permit or else barring open carry altogether
Vermont Keeping guns out of the wrong hands
Bars domestic abusers from having guns while subject to short-term emergency orders
Bars gun possession by people with felony convictions
Bars gun possession by fugitives
Requires officials to identify and seek removal of illegal guns
Bars people from having guns after a hate crime conviction
Bars gun possession by people who have been involuntarily committed or found to be a danger to self or others
Requires handgun buyers to be 21+ and rifle and shotgun buyers to be 18+
- What is the minimum age for gun buyers?
- 21 for all firearms
Bars gun purchases by people with assault or other violent misdemeanor convictions
Bars domestic abusers from having guns after a misdemeanor conviction
- Does the law close the boyfriend loophole by covering abusive dating partners?
Bars domestic abusers from having guns while subject to restraining orders
Requires domestic abusers to turn in guns after a misdemeanor conviction
Requires domestic abusers to turn in guns when a restraining order is placed
Requires threat assessment programs to identify students at risk of violence
Vermont Policing and civil rights
Issues targeted solicitations to use federal Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) funds to assist victims of gun violence or for gun violence intervention
Does not preempt towns and cities from making their own gun safety policy
- If not, does the state also threaten to punish localities that regulate firearms?
Does not impede efforts to hold police accountable for excessive force and other misconduct
Has a dedicated office for gun violence prevention
Bars deadly force unless necessary to prevent serious bodily injury, does not make exception for felony suspects fleeing arrest
Requires law enforcement agencies to collect and report data on use of force incidents
Limits qualified immunity, a legal shield for police officers accused of civil and constitutional violations
State budget includes funding for community violence intervention programming
Vermont Sales and permitting
Allows officials to deny sales if buyer poses a danger
Ensures gun sales can’t proceed while a background check is still ongoing
- What does the state law require?
- Extends time for background check to 7 business days
Requires all gun dealers to obtain a state license
Requires gun owners to notify law enforcement if their guns are lost or stolen
Requires or allows officials to report prohibiting records into the background check system
- Are officials required to report, or merely allowed to do so?
Requires notice to law enforcement when a prohibited person tries to buy a gun
Requires all handgun sale information be recorded by officials
Requires certain gun buyers to take a training course before their purchase
Requires gun buyers to wait a prescribed time before completing a purchase