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Which states require police to collect and report use of force data?

10 states have adopted this policy

AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Alabama has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Alaska has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Arizona has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Arkansas has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

California has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Colorado has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Connecticut has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Delaware has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Florida has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Georgia has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Hawaii has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Idaho has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Illinois has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Indiana has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Iowa has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Kansas has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Kentucky has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Louisiana has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Maine has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Maryland has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Massachusetts has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Michigan has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Minnesota has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Mississippi has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Missouri has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Montana has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Nebraska has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Nevada has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

New Hampshire has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

New Jersey has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

New Mexico has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

New York has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

North Carolina has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

North Dakota has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Ohio has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Oklahoma has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Oregon has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Pennsylvania has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Rhode Island has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

South Carolina has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

South Dakota has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Tennessee has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Texas has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Utah has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Vermont has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Virginia has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Washington has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

West Virginia has not adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Wisconsin has adopted this policy

Police Use of Force Incident Data Collection and Reporting

Wyoming has not adopted this policy

What It Does

Data collection and reporting laws increase transparency into law enforcement policies, specifically how, and against whom, police use lethal and nonlethal force. These 10 best-in-class state policies require state law enforcement agencies to collect data on all incidents in which officers use force against civilians and to report that data to the state—which must then publicly release state-wide and agency-specific data. Other states have policies on this topic that are incomplete, either requiring collection without reporting or publication or only requiring agencies to collect data on “serious” or lethal force.

Show Citations and Footnotes
Source: Ala. Code § 41-27-12; Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 38-1118; Cal. Gov’t Code § 12525.2; Colo. Rev. Stat. § 24-31-903; Conn. Gen. Stat. § 7-282e(b)-(d); Mo. Rev. Stat. § 590.1265; N.Y. Exec. Law § 837-t; Tenn. Code Ann. § 38-8-131; Wis. Stat. § 165.845.

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